The luxurious life we as humans live today is totally dependent on the resources we derive from exploiting the earth trees are fell to make furniture, oil is drilled to make textile lands are tilled to produced food, and the earth is dug to find precious minerals. As world population keeps growing and the need to make life more comfortable in the name of development we find out that our needs becomes insatiable and unending, however this is not the problem, our method of disposing the remnants of products we once needed in a manner that is safe for the us and the earth is of great concern. The waste we produces increases by 3% each year, it becomes so much that we cannot manage and in a bid to dispose them we end up polluting our environment.
In a country such as Nigeria where proper waste disposal is not in our nature, every nook and cranny of our streets are filed with waste dump, this does not just distort the aesthetic beauty of our environment it releases C02 contributing to global warming. Indiscriminate waste disposal has adverse effect on our health; a recent report released by the WHO indicates that as much as 24 per cent of global diseases are caused by poor environmental sanitation more than 13 million deaths annually are due to preventable environmental causes. It was estimated that over 40 per cent of deaths from malaria and 94 per cent of deaths from diarrhoeal could be prevented through better environmental management.
In situations where wastes are disposed into drainage system or water channels, the free flow of water when it rains becomes hindered which leads to an over flow of the water channel which sometimes give rise to flooding. The effect of flooding cannot be over looked; Inhabitants of the affected area are displaced, having to start life all over again with a lot of setback resulting from the loss of loved ones, properties and farmlands in rural areas. Such sad tales could be averted if our waste disposal/management systems are effective.
Waste generation is inevitable, and the negative effect seen as a result of indiscriminate disposal of waste cannot the wiped away in one day. However there are little things we can do on a daily basis to make things better, excessive packaging of products should be reduced and the use of reusable shopping bags should be encouraged, recycling should also be encourage in other to divert waste which goes into landfill and dumpsite. Waste is not necessarily useless, it can be converted into resource to avoid pollution and conserve exploitation of natural resource.